The cold current strikes and the temperature drops suddenly. In order to avoid the cold winter, many parents not only reduce the frequency of carrying children, but also all kinds of warm items such as hot drinks, electric blankets and heaters, and they are afraid that the delicate baby will catch cold. However, dermatologists have warned that the above-mentioned "frozen magic weapon" is misused and may cause a potential crisis of burns. In addition, parents should also pay attention to children's home collisions, cuts and other accidents, especially the young children's skin delicate and delicate, if the trauma wound treatment, improper care, not only will increase the risk of infection, it is easier to stay, affect the appearance and children's self-confidence, Don't be careless.
According to the doctor's statistics, the proportion of young children who have been treated for trauma and burns in winter is about 20% higher than usual, and most of them are mostly on the face and limbs. But why does the chance of trauma and burns in children increase dramatically in the winter?
Explain that it may be cold with winter temperatures, children's chances of going out, long time at home, easy access to high-temperature tea, high-temperature warmth items, and accidental collision with home items. Due to the increased use of opportunities, if parents do not pay attention to it and do a good job of protection, it is quite easy to be negligent, even if the child has a trauma or burn accident.
Burning burns are divided into three levels.
If a child is accidentally burnt or injured, how can the parents deal with it in the first place to reduce the harm? The doctor said that if it is burnt, it is necessary to take different treatment procedures depending on the symptoms and degree. In general, burns can be divided into 3 grades. If there are symptoms such as redness and heat pain in the affected area, it is a grade 1 burn. In the first time, apply ice, apply anti-inflammatory ointment, and keep the affected area clean. It can alleviate discomfort. This type of burnt wound is not easy to leave scars as long as it is properly taken care of.
If the affected part is accompanied by red bumps and heat pain, it is accompanied by raised blisters, which are classified as burns of grades 2 and 3. In order to avoid dirt, bacteria adhering to the wound, causing bacterial infection, resulting in wound inflammation, purulent ulceration, it is recommended not to puncture the blisters. It should be more appropriate to seek professional physicians to assist in the treatment, which not only reduces the chance of inflammatory infection, but also reduces the possibility of staying.
Collision trauma does not need to be sent to the hospital? Depth and scope are considered
As for the trauma and cut caused by the collision, in the wound treatment procedure, it is necessary to consider the wound site, extent and depth as medical treatment considerations. If there is no bleeding and the wound area is not large, just use the physiological saline solution to clean the wound, then wipe it from the inside out with a cotton swab, and apply the white medicine water to help sterilize and disinfect from the inside to the outside to keep the wound clean.
For example, the wound is close to the sensitive and fragile parts such as the eye; the depth is more than 1 cm, and the dermis is injured; after 10 minutes of compression, the bleeding continues continuously; or it is caused by rust or marine damage, or it is difficult to have foreign matter remains. take out. In order to avoid infection, resulting in suppuration and ulceration of the wound, the hospital should seek the assistance of professional physicians as soon as possible, moderately suture, remove foreign bodies or inject tetanus and anti-toxins to reduce the chance of inflammatory infection and accelerate recovery.
Do not leave a flaw after injury! Grasp the 3 principles of follow-up care
Physicians also stressed that in addition to depending on the condition of the wound to decide whether to send the doctor, the follow-up care of the wound is also very important. In particular, the depth of the wound is deep, and the second and third grades are burned. Because of the injury to the dermis of the skin, the chance of sequelae is relatively high when the wound is recovered. Not only is it easy to cause pigmentation due to pigmentation, but if the wound is not properly taken care of, it is easy to have skin shrinkage and depression of the surface, or uneven skin.
Therefore, to avoid and reduce the above-mentioned possible effects on the appearance and the occurrence of the same sequelae, we need to grasp the following three principles:
Principle 1: Do a good job of sun protection, to avoid the exposure of the wound to ultraviolet light to accelerate pigmentation.
Principle 2: Reduce skin irritation.
Principle 3: After the wound is contracted, there is no exudate, and it is changed to a non-open wound (depending on the degree of burn injury, the recovery period is as short as 1 week and can be as long as 1 month). You may choose to use artificial skin. In addition to avoiding scratching, there are also drugs and gels that maintain the balance of skin epithelial tissue to help maintain a certain degree of moisturization of the wound, repair the skin and reduce the formation of scars.
Hypoallergenic discomfort! Children's wound care chooses natural ingredients
However, it should be noted that children's skin is different from adult, more delicate and more sensitive. Therefore, in the care and scar care of wounds, it is more appropriate to be cautious and gentle, and to select safe, mild, non-irritating and non-irritating ingredients. For example, it has soothing, moisturizing, reducing red marks, mild and non-irritating, extracts from natural plants such as aloe vera and oats; or onion extracts that balance collagen growth; and helps moisturize and promote skin Tissue newborn allantoin and mucopolysaccharide are all mild and effective ingredients for children.
The doctor stressed that all kinds of trauma and burn accidents can be avoided. Remind parents that in addition to the children out of activities, the use of high-temperature tea, warm appliances, hot items, be cautious, more to prevent accidents, but also to strengthen the protection of the home environment. For example, sticking anti-collision strips, sponges and other things to the sharp points of furniture, and actively informing and educating baby about specific items and the dangers of behavior can help to avoid regrets. If the accident or accidental happens, you must choose the correct way and the way to deal with the wound, so that you can not leave it after the injury!